Ceres statue in Swaffham Norfolk
Ceres, The Roman Goddess Of The Harvest in Norfolk.
(Please click all photos to enlarge into a slide show).
It’s a town that grew in importance during the Middle Ages, and in the 14th and 15th Centuries it was home to a flourishing sheep and wool industry which is why it has its market place with the striking Butter Cross, designed in 1781 and completed in 1784, paid for by George Walpole, 3rd Earl of Orford. You can’t fail to miss it! It comprises of eight stone columns supporting a dome. Resting on top of the dome of The Butter Cross is a statue of the Roman Goddess Ceres, the goddess of agriculture, grain crops, fertility and motherly relationships. As this is a very rural and arable area of Norfolk, Ceres is an appropriate goddess to have!
Images taken today 28th December 2013 of Ceres, the Roman Goddess of the Harvest who stands on top of Swaffham’s Butter Cross on the market place.
In 1795 the Day family of three brothers opened a bank trading under the name of the “Norwich and Swaffham Bank”. It printed its own notes which are still sought after by collectors. It failed in 1826 and eventually became part of Barclays Bank.
The sickle carried by Ceres on the banknote was wrongly engraved. Ceres holds a small sheaf of wheat in her hand instead.
Middle: Norwich & Swaffham Bank One Pound 1825
Right: Norfolk & Norwich Joint Stock Banking Co. £5 dated 183_