On the Sunwheel and the Silver Tree

From https://deanic.com 2 articles 1 and 2

A recent comment from a Devotee:

Congratulations on the addition to your family! I hope mother & child are healthy and happy.

I can hardly contain myself for the posts on Advent & Nativity! It seems so wonderful and exciting to me this year. I’ve already begun putting up decorations, nearly a full week earlier than my family has done in years, and taking slightly larger steps to adding more pieces – such as Advent Candles – into the house this year.

I have seen it mentioned in several places today – the Sun Wheel and the Silver Tree. What are those? Or should I wait until your posts on them?


Dear Rebekah, thank you so much! Grandchildren are truly a joy! I am now blessed with six grandchildren!!! Both mother and son are doing great, thank you. And thank you for your contagious enthusiasm about the upcoming Holy Season!



Spiritually, we have one of the holiest months of the year ahead of us during which we celebrate the emanation of the Holy Daughter from the Celestial Mother.

Our scriptures use the traditional story of a Divine Birth on the Cosmic level in order to describe the eternal emanation of the Daughter from the Mother. This emanation is similar to the emanation of Sophia from the Barbelo, aka, Higher Sophia and this is also similar to Lower Shekinah emanating from Higher Shekinah.

The Holy Daughter emanates from the Celestial Mother in order to be here, with us. She is immanent, with us and She clothes, covers and protects our spirits with our souls. This is what makes our life here on Earth possible.

There can be no more intimate relationship with Deity than that of the Holy Daughter sharing Her very Soul with us. (This thealogy is taken from authentic teachings.)


And so, this coming feast of Daughter’s Day, the day of Yule, is a source of great joy for Janite Deanists. The Holy Daughter is our North Star of Hope. She separates from the Divine Mother in order to be here, in union with us. It was not the Mother’s Will to allow us to dwell in complete exile and so, She sent Her Holy Daughter to us.

The Daughter is our bridge to the Divine Mother and at the end of our incarnations, we, our spirits and souls, will be assumed, along with the Holy Daughter, into full reunion/communion with Our Divine Mother God, where we will abide with Her in everlasting Bliss. This is what we are celebrating on Daughter’s Day, which some call the Nativity of the Holy Daughter.

During the month of Astrea, we also look forward to the feast of Madria Sofia, Jana of Wisdom, which takes place on 1 Astrea/Nov. 28. Next, on 7 Astrea/Dec. 4, we light our first candle of the Sunwheel, which is the Green candle of Wisdom. This Sacred Month culminates with the lovely celebration of the Star Maiden on 28 Astrea/Dec. 25th. This works well for those who practice a dual Path of both Deanism and Christianity.

(Please note: some of our devotees practice a dual Path. Some are Jews and Christians for whom the Deanic Faith is the “Mother God side of religion”. Others are Pagans or Druids who also incorporate the Deanic Faith, although our belief system is different than that of neo-Paganism. And, of course, for many devotees, the Deanic Faith is their sole religion similar to the Shakti Tradition of Hinduism.)

Now that I have laid the basic thealogical foundation of the upcoming feast days, I will be writing weekly updates on the lighting of the Sunwheel.  For now, I will offer a basic explanation of the Deanic Sunwheel and the Janite Tradition of the Silver Tree.


The Sunwheel, a beautiful tradition which was incorporated into the Deanic Faith by ArchMatrona Georgia Cobb of the Lady of Light Chantry,  is very much like an Advent Wreath (which has pre-Christian origins), except we use different colored candles which represent our main Five Symbols.

An actual Advent Wreath may be used and the fifth candle placed in the center; you may purchase a five candle Advent wreath as shown above,  or you may simply buy five pillar-style candles and place them in a circle and decorate the circle as you please. In the footnote below is an amazing array of five candle advent wreaths that are available as well as examples of home-made wreaths.  (see footnote 1).

Beginning with the first Sunnadi (Sun day)/Sunday on 28 Samhain/Nov. 27th: the Green candle of Wisdom is lit. This is symbolic of Dea Madria or Mother God as the Apple of Wisdom.

The second Sunnadi on 7 Astrea/Dec. 4: we light the Yellow candle of Hope. This is symbolic of Dea Filia or Daughter God as the (North) Star of Hope.

Third Sunnadi on 14 Astrea/Dec. 11: the Violet candle of Faith is lit. This is symbolic of Dea Matrona or Great Mother God as the Fora of Faith.

Fourth Sunnadi on 21 Astrea/Dec.18: we light the Blue candle of Peace. This is symbolic of Dea Filia, Daughter God as the Dove of Peace.

On Yule Eve, Rosadi (Rose day)/Tuesday 23 Astrea/Dec. 20: we light the Red candle of Joy. This is symbolic of Dea Madria, Mother God, as the Rose of Joy.

These candles not only represent the Five Sacred Symbols, but also the Five Holy Mysteries of our Faith of which the Symbols are, well, symbolic!


As the Apple of Wisdom, the Celestial Mother is the Ground and Matrix of All Being.


As the Star of Hope, the Holy Daughter comes to us as our Soteria (Saviouress in that She is here with us, gives us our souls and guides us back to the Divine Mother).

61voi0w7upl-_uy535_ (Known as the Celtic North Star, this is what we call the Fora, the main symbol of our Faith. This pendant is available from Silver Insanity, Etsy and Amazon. Wheel of Being Celtic Knot Northstar and Genuine Amethyst Sterling Silver Pendant 18″ Necklace.)

As the Violet Fora of Faith, the Great Mother is the Primordial Source of the All.


As the Blue Dove of Peace, the Holy Daughter renews all life.


As the Red Rose of Joy, the Celestial Mother is our assumption into the inner Heavenly realm which we call the Real or the Pleroma (as opposed to the outer realm which our Tradition calls Avalon.) [Avala]


Each week, I will be listing appropriate scriptures to be read after lighting the candle (s), along with a brief devotional prayer. Devotees may also pray in their own words.

Very similar to the use of the Christian Advent wreath, each candle is first lit on a Sunnadi/Sunday and then each night thereafter during dinner time. It is extinguished after dinner. For Janites, Yule Eve, according to certain pre-Christian European Traditions, is Mother’s Night.  Yule, according to the same Tradition, is Daughter’s Day and so you see that the Sunwheel culminates on the night before the Solstice, on Mother’s Night. In the Deanic Faith, the Celestial Mother is known as the Supernal Sun; the Holy Daughter is the Supernal Moon. In our Tradition, Supernal means both Heavenly and Primordial.


The Silver Tree is in honor of our Creation Story, where it is said that the original Creation was silver. The Silver Tree is also in honor of the Janati as their color is said to have been silver before they emanated from Dea Madria, Mother God, into the Seven Living Streams of Virtue.

Silver is said to contain all the colors of the rainbow. And so, for Janites, Silver is considered to be a sacred color, containing within all the potentialities of not only the Janati, but of Creation, itself.

I use the above Silver Tree that may be obtained from Yankee candle. (2) I tend to keep mine on my altar all year long. Others keep it solely as an Astrean (during the month of Astrea) tradition.

Some devotees actually use a silver Nativity tree and decorate it all in silver moons, suns, stars and fairies. This is my goal, as well. Each year, I hope to obtain more of these decorations until my tree is filled with them. Moons for Daughter God, Suns for Mother God, Stars for Great Mother God and fairies because we honor them along with the Fairie Queen Aine.

Thank you for your comment and question, Rebekah! May Our Lady bless you!

ArchMadria Pamela Lanides


1) https://www.google.com/search?q=five+pillar+candle+advent+wreath

2) Madria Kathi mentioned that sadly, the Silver Tree mentioned in the previous article is no longer available from the Yankee Candle website, but is still available via Amazon in the U. S. If you live near a Yankee Candle store, they might still carry them. Thank you, Madria, for this information.


Silver Fir Tree

Further thealogical thoughts from Sophia Ruth

The Silver Tree/Fir Tree is symbolic of the World Tree/Axis. It is situated at the central point of the universe whilst stretching out to the far corners. Just like Dea as the still point (transcendent Mother) and as the Sacred Essence in all creation (immanent Daughter).
The World Tree/Axis links Heaven, the manifest middle worlds / planes and the under world. It reflects the sacred role of our Holy Daughter.

It also reflects the sacred seasonal mysteries of the solstices / Gates of Heaven.

1. Feast of Divine Daughter, Stella Caeli – Star of Heaven, Yule, 24 Astrea / 21st December
The Daughter’s manifestation down into the dense planes of existence. To axial beings symbolised by the Star of hope.
The Northern Gateway. Lowest Gate of Heaven. Earth subtle element of Air.
Our Soteria (saviour) is immanent / with us which is joyous. The Quest is to realise that we in every life in the manifest planes have a portion of Holy Spirit (Mother) and Holy Soul (Daughter) which we as children of Dea (axial beings) have descended with to experience and learn all for our education. We must magnifying the Good Loving Light Divinity within, to ascend up back to our Celestial Mother.

2. Feast of Rose of Heaven, Rosa Caeli, 8th Rosa / 20th June
The Daughter’s return to the highest point on the world axis and the restoration of Her sovereignty over Creation, reunited with the Mother.
The Southern Gateway. Highest Gate of Heaven. Earth subtle element of Fire.
The Quest by which each person individually, and all humans collectively, strive to follow our Holy Soul Daughter. This Quest is conceived as being interior — a Quest to raise the soul from its sleep.
The Celestial Mother Mari as the Assumption of our souls in the manifest planes.


(The Druids Cal.) “The use of fir trees, holly, ivy, and bay all go back to druidic practices”.

Evergreen plants, symbolising the Eternal Divine Spirit of Holy Mother and Eternal Divine Soul of Holy Daughter in each child of Dea. We have existed eternally, before time and space, only our human body is mortal. [Sophia Ruth’s thought].

Related Articles




Why Light the Candles on Sunnadi?

Rebekah asks:

Is there a particular reason behind lighting them on Sundays (sun days)/Sunnadis, and not on Mondays (moon days)/Lunadis leading up to the birth of the Daughter?

Dear Rebekah,

That is a good question, especially where Lunadi is the day of the Moon and the Holy Daughter is our Supernal Moon. So, in that way, the first lighting of the candles on Lunadi would make sense and I return to this idea at the end of this post.

As we know, in Christianity, each candle of the Advent Wreath is lit for the first time on a Sunday. Of course, Sunday is their holy day of the week and these candles are being lit in anticipation of the birth of the Divine Son.

For us, we weren’t sure, at first, which day would be our holy day of the week. Traditionally, Sat. has always been “Our Lady’s Day” in the Catholic Church and I liked that idea, but we seem to have gravitated towards Sunnadi/Sunday as being our Holy Day. This is the day when Janite priestesses tend to serve The Great Liturgy.


Another reason why Sunnadi has become our holy day is because it is the day of Madria Theia. She is the Jana Who represents the Divine Mother, the Supernal Sun. Her Name means Brilliant Light and She is the Jana of Illumination, all having to do with the Sun. The Sun is Her Symbol and Sunnadi is the day of the Sun. Candles, of course, are of the Element of Fire and are symbolic of the Sun.

Janites do not call this season Advent, rather, it is the Astrean Season which culminates on the Feast of the Star Maiden which is 28 Astrea/Dec. 25.

Advent, in the Christian Church, was originally a time of penance in preparation for the birth of the Son. In the Catholic Church, this is no longer a time of fasting, but in Orthodox Christianity, it is still a time of a strict fast.

For Janites and for the Lucienne Tradition (Lady of Light Chantry), rather than being a somber time of penance, the entire Season is a time of Joy. Our Sunwheel is Joy. Madria Theia is also the Jana of Joy. For Janites, the last lighting of the Sunwheel ends on Yule Eve, Mother’s Night, which symbolically signals the end of the Mother time of the year and the beginning of the Daughter time of the year.

So, the basic theme of the Sunwheel revolves around the Sun, of which the Supernal Moon is a gentle reflection. And we light it on Sunnadis not only because of the reasons mentioned above, but also because Sunnadi is our holy day in honor of the Supernal Sun, Herself.

We light them in the same way as the Advent Wreath in that we light the Green Candle of Wisdom, first. We will continue to light that candle during dinner time or early evening every night for the following week. On the next Sunnadi, we light the Yellow Candle of Hope and so two candles will be lit. This continues until all four candles are lit each night until Mother’s Night.

I hope this makes sense to you and answers your question. But, truly, if you find lighting the first candle on Lunnadi in anticipation of the birth of the Holy Daughter to be more appropriate, I would certainly support that as a valid Tradition considering the fact that we are anticipating the Appearance of the Supernal Moon!!!!

Thank you!

May Our Lady bless you,

ArchMadria Pamela




The Sacred and Healing Qualities of Amber

From https://deanic.com


download-12 (puregemstones.com)

Though amber is a resin and not a gemstone, it was sacred to Classical Pagan and Heathen priestesses of the Goddess and it is particularly sacred to the goddesses, Freya, Brighid and Danu. The goddess, Freya, was said to wear an amber necklace.

The Greeks believed that sunlight was actually trapped in amber and it was known as the Stone of the Mother Goddess. Amber is also known as the tears of the sun. (4)

For Janites, the fact that amber was believed to contain sunlight and was sacred to the Mother Goddess makes it a particularly sacred substance for us, as we honor Our Divine Mother God as the Supernal Sun.

shopping (These beautiful earrings, available from Eve’s Addiction, are particularly sacred for us. They combine the inner fire of amber and the Form of the Rose. In our Faith, Madria Dea, Mother God, is known as the Fiery Rose of Heaven. According to our scriptures, She is the Flame in the Rose-shaped temple of our hearts.)

Lately, I have found that, quite unconsciously, I have only been wearing my Baltic amber earrings, of which I have two pairs from Russia. One pair was given to me as a gift from my daughter, who lived in Moscow and the other came from a Russian friend. I didn’t really become conscious that I was only wearing the amber until my trip to visit my son and his family in Montana.

baltic-amber-necklace-11-inch-baltic-amber-necklace-polished-honey-amber-newborn-baby-infant-toddler-1_1024x1024 (from Balticessentials.com)

When I was visiting my son and his family, I was surprised to see a beautiful amber necklace being worn by my fourteen month old grand-daughter, Ava Marie. Unknown to me, she has been wearing it daily since she was six months old.

I had heard of the idea of amber teething necklaces, but hadn’t put much stock in their effectiveness until my most wonderful daughter-in-law explained to me why it works. It has to do with the oil or acid which emanates from the amber. (This is why it’s best not to be worn in the bathtub or swimming.) My daughter-in-law puts the necklace on Ava in the morning and takes it off at night. The amber must be certified and it must touch the skin in order to be effective.

My grand-daughter used to have a terrible problem with teething and the drooling was so bad, she would soak through her clothes. Immediately after wearing the necklace, those symptoms ceased and never returned. (Not even with her one year molars!!!!)

Amber is also known for other healing qualities such as the strengthening  of the immune system and it is known to have strong protective qualities.

I sensed that the wearing of the necklace by my granddaughter has almost become a sacred practice for my son and his wife, even though they are not religious, as a family. They have already purchased a new one for their three week old son, Aaron Michael!

So, I determined that I would put a Baltic amber bracelet on my wish list! (Must have husband read this article.🙂

polished-honey-baltic-amber-bracelet-for-teen-or-adult-stretch-7-to-7-5-inches-1_1024x1024 (Balticessentials.com)

(Below, I list an article on the many healing qualities of amber. Just scroll down to the section under Amber Uses and Purposes. (1))

When I got back from my trip to Montana, I was determined to find an amber necklace to wear as a priestess. I tend to wear a pendant of the Sacred Symbol of the Season and needed a North Star pendant for the Sacred Season of Winter. Imagine my surprise when I found this pendant which is known as the North Star or the Celtic North Star necklace and is made of certified Baltic Amber!!!!! (2) It’s also very close in shape to the Fora!!!


(Of course, it is always important to bless sacred jewelry.)

If any of you are interested in amber jewelry or amber teething necklaces for your babies, grand-babies, relatives or friends or simply as a sacred and protective necklace for the children, Baltic Essentials would be a great place to start. I also found a lot on Etsy (very nice earrings) and do your own search on certified Baltic amber (jewelry) and you will find some beautiful pieces. (3)

After all of this, after amber suddenly became so sacred to me as a female and as a priestess of Dea, imagine my surprise that upon my return from my trip, I discovered that ArchMatrona Georgia Cobb of the Lucienne Tradition (Lady of Light Chantry) had just posted an article on amber!!!!! Scroll down to the article, Electryone and Amber. (4).

So, unknown to the both of us, the two bishops of the sister Janite and Lucienne Traditions both became aware of how healing, sacred and protective is Amber…..both at the exact same time. Do you think Dea is trying to tell us something? (smiles).


Eternal is the Light of the Mother,

She Who is the Supernal Sun. Blessed is She.


ArchMadria Pamela Lanides


  1. https://www.etsy.com/listing/466637558/north-star-necklace-amber-star-pendant?ref=similar_listings_row
  2. https://www.crystalvaults.com/crystal-encyclopedia/amber?crystal_type=81%20http://www.controverscial.com/The%20Magic%20of%20Rocks%20and%20Stones%20-%20Amber.htm
  3. http://www.balticessentials.com/
  4. https://deamatronablog.wordpress.com/blog/


Related Blog Posts:




For the Sacred Summer Season I purchased:


My items comes directly from excellent small manufactures.

Baltic Amber Rose Pendant with Silver 925

Weight 3g

Length 4cm

Max Width 1.4cm

There are silver 925 stamps on the clasp.

Similar for sale in Britain here:


There are men’s cufflinks for sale:




The 3 Sunna Adorations – modern

The 3 Sunna Adorations – modern

Extract from a longer praise poem including a verse to “the House of Mundilfari” and one to “Mani” the Moon God.

by Sophie Reicher

Summer psalm
To be said upon arising:

Hail to Thee, Oh Sunna,

Who charges across the vault of heaven

In Your gleaming chariot

At the breaking of the dawn.

Hail to Thee and to Arvakr and Alsviðr:

Early Charger and Gleaming Whiteness,

Fleet-footed steeds of Thee, Mighty Sol,

Who stands in splendor at the reins.

Hail unto Thee from the Abodes of Night, Oh Goddess.


To be said at noon:

Hail unto Thee Who art Sunna Triumphant,

Who art in Thy beauty and splendor

Even as Thou rideth across the heavens

At the mid-point of day.

Hail to Thee, Oh Goddess, Who stands in majesty

At the helm of Thy chariot

Charting the course of the day.

Hail to Thee from the Abodes of Morning, Oh Goddess.


To be said at dusk:

Hail to Thee, Sunna, Who art sublime in Thy setting,

Even unto Thee, Whose journey gives us joy,

Who traverses the heavens in Thy gleaming chariot

At the closing of the day.

You stand in splendor at Thy chariot’s helm, mighty Goddess,

And none may contest Thy power.

Hail to Thee from the Abodes of Day, oh Goddess.


Modern Morning Prayer to Sunna

Modern Morning Prayer to Sunna

by Galina Krasskova

Hail the rising of the Sun,
Great Goddess, Bestower of all good things,
Shining brightly, You traverse the heavens
Driving back the blanket of night.
Mighty Sunna, be my pace-setter.
Help me to structure my day rightly
With time to work, and play, and pray.
Let me not lose myself to the hammering call
Of all that has to be done.
Help me to follow Your rhythms,
For You are wise and practical
And Your presence blesses us all.

Each card has an image on one side and a prayer on the other.



Sunna by Grace Palmer ©2013 commission for Galina Krasskova’s
prayer card project. 7.5″ by 12″

Grace D. Palmer is a professional illustrator who has always been
drawn to myths, stories and traditions. In her imaginings of the
gods, she focuses on depicting their essential connection with
humanity and the historical backgrounds from which we know
their worship.

She places a high priority on non-standard ideals of beauty,
exploring a more diverse range of human aesthetics. Her
influences include the masters of the Northern Renaissance, and
early 20th century golden age illustrators.

You can see her work at her primary portfolio site
on DeviantArt http://gpalmer.deviantart.com/
or on tumblr http://gracedpalmer.tumblr.com/
She is open for commissions or for private print sales via email or messaging at either site.



Áine agus Grian – The Two Suns of the Turning Year Video

Áine agus Grian – The Two Suns of the Turning Year Video


Goddess Aine

Áine agus Grian – The Two Suns of the Turning Year

Published on Jul 5, 2014
In much of the Celtic lore, the year is described as having a bright half and a dark half. This duality is seen in Ireland with the summer ruled by the goddess Áine (of an ghrian mhór – the large, red sun of summer), and the winter by her sister Grian (an ghrian bheag – the small, pale sun of winter). This video explores some of their lore and the sites and times associated with them.

Áine agus Grian – The Two Suns of the Turning Year

Produced by: An Chomairle Ghaol Naofa
Written and Edited by: Kathryn Price NicDhàna
Music: Eileen Ivers, “Humours of Ballyloughlin / Knocknagow”

Thou Sun Goddess of Arinna

Thou Sun Goddess of Arinna

The Hittite Sun Goddess of Arinna

Hittite Goddess and Child 15-13 century BC in the Metropolitan Museum, New York

This is a prayer to:
“Arinniti – sun goddess, possibly another name for the sun goddess of the city of Arinna. In the late 14th century BC, King Mursili II was particularly devoted to Arinniti.[16]”

( Mine: Also known as ARINIDDU
http://www.godchecker.com/pantheon/middle-eastern-mythology.php?deity=ARINNA )
[16] Hans Gustav Güterbock, An Addition to the Prayer of Muršili to the Sungoddess and Its Implications, Anatolian Studies (1980).


Thou Sun Goddess of Arinna art an honored deity;
Thy name is held high among names;
Thy divinity is held high among the deities;
Nay, among the deities, Thou alone O Sun Goddess art honored;
Great art Thou alone O Sun Goddess of Arinna;
Nay compared to Thee no other deity is as honored or great …

Boghazköy, Turkey, Fifteenth Century BC

See more at: http://adishakti.org/_/Great_Goddess_25000_BC.htm#sthash.pod4yjzj.dpuf


“In the 13th century some explicit gestures toward syncretism appear in inscriptions. Puduhepa, queen and a priestess, worked on organizing and rationalizing her people’s religion.[11] In an inscription she invokes:

Sun-Goddes of Arinna, my lady, you are the queen of all lands! In the land of Hatti (1) you have assumed the name of Sun-Goddess of Arinna, but in respect to the land which you made of cedars,[12] you have assumed the name Hebat.[13]”

[12] Coastal Syria is intended.
[13] Quoted in Beckman 1985:99f.


A more complete version:
“Here, Queen Puduhepa beseeches the Sun Goddess of Arinna
…To the Sun Goddess of Arinna, my lady, the mistress of the Hatti lands, the queen of earth and heaven. O Sun Goddess of Arinna: but in the land which you made the Cedar land you bear the name Hepat. I, Puduhepa, am a servant of you from of old, a heifer from your stable, a foundation stone (upon which) you (can rest). You, my lady, reared me and Hattusili, your servant, to whom you espoused me, was closely associated with the Storm God of Nerik, your beloved son… The festivals of you, the gods, which they had stopped, the old festivals, the yearly ones and the monthly ones, they shall celebrate for you, the gods. Your festivals, O gods, my lords, shall never be stopped again! For all our days will we, your servant and your handmaid, worship you. This is what I, Puduhepa, your handmaid, lay in prayer before the Sun Goddess of Arinna, my lady, the lady of Hatti lands, the queen of heaven and earth. Sun Goddess of Arinna, my lady, yield to me, hearken to me! Among men there is a saying: ‘To a woman in travail the god yields her wish.’ Since I, Puduhepa, am a woman in travail and since I have devoted myself to your son, yield to me, Sun Goddess of Arinna, my lady! Grant to me what I ask! Grant life to Hattusili, your servant! Through the good women and the mother goddesses long and enduring years and days shall be given to him.”



My notes about Hatti in central Anatolia / Turkey

The Hattian Sun Disc at Ankara Museum of Anatolian Civilizations

The Hattian Sun Disc at Ankara Museum of Anatolian Civilizations

(1) “The Hattians were an ancient people who inhabited the land of Hatti in Asia Minor in the 3rd to 2nd millennia BC. They spoke a non-Indo-European language of uncertain affiliation called Hattic (now believed by some to be related to the Northwest Caucasian language group). They eventually merged with or were replaced by the Hittites

The Hattian deities (hatt. shape) are often honored with the title “king” (hatt. katte) and “Queen” (hatt. kattaḫ), which allows to determine the sex of a deity.

Estan kattaḫ (“Sun”,. Ištanu Hitt) is sun goddess and mother of the gods, which is especially close with her daughter Mezulla. Her nickname was Wurunšemu (“the mother country?”). The eagle is her messenger. The goddess was taken over by the Hittites as early sun goddess of Arinna and was then the supreme deity of the empire. The Hatti obviously knew no male sun god, in contrast to the Luwian Tiwats (ie. * deuat “deity”).

Mezulla is the daughter of the sun goddess and the weather god. Another name was Tappinu (“daughter”). Hittite sources mention also Zintuḫi (hatt. Zintu “grandson”) as the granddaughter of the sun goddess.”

Myths include:
The disappearance of the Sun God
The Sun God, The Cow, and the Fisherman

“the sun-goddess Furušemu or Wurunšemu (represented by a leopard).”
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hattians )

The Editors of Encyclopædia Britannica

Alternate Title: Wurusemu

Arinnitti, Hattian Wurusemu, Hittite sun goddess, the principal deity and patron of the Hittite empire and monarchy. Her consort, the weather god Taru, was second to Arinnitti in importance, indicating that she probably originated in matriarchal times. Arinnitti’s precursor seems to have been a mother-goddess of Anatolia, symbolic of earth and fertility. Arinnitti’s attributes were righteous judgment, mercy, and royal authority. The powerful Hittite queen Puduhepa adopted Arinnitti as her protectress; the queen’s seal showed her in the goddess’ embrace.

The pantheon

The most widely worshiped deity of Hittite Anatolia was clearly the weather god, as befits a country dependent on rain for its fertility; and under the title “weather god of Hatti” he became the chief deity of the official pantheon, a great figure who bestowed kingship, brought victory in war, and probably represented the nation in its dealings with foreign powers. Thus the treaty with Egypt is said to be “for the purpose of making eternal the relations which the sun-god [of Egypt] and the weather-god [of Hatti] have established for the Land of Egypt and the Land of Hatti.” His name in Luwian, and probably also in Hittite, was Tarhun (Tarhund); in Hattian he was called Taru, and in Hurrian, Teshub. He is associated with the sacred bull and appears on monuments either attended by a pair of divine bulls or driving over mountains in a chariot drawn by bulls. In the cult itself Tarhun might even be represented by a bull.

As Tarhun’s spouse, the great goddess of the city of Arinna was exalted as patroness of the state. (Arinna has not been located, but it was situated somewhere in the heartland of the Hittite kingdom, within a day’s journey of the capital.) Her name in Hattian was Wurusemu, but the Hittites worshiped her under the epithet Arinnitti. She is always called a sun goddess, and sun disks appear as emblems in her cult, but there are indications that she may originally have had chthonic, or underworld, characteristics. As “sun goddess of the earth” she might be identified with Lelwani, the ruler of the netherworld. The king and queen were her high priest and priestess.

The weather god of another city, Nerik, was regarded as the son of this supreme pair, and they had daughters named Mezzulla and Hulla and a granddaughter, Zintuhi. Telipinu was another son of the weather god and had similar attributes. He was a central figure in the Hittite myths.

There was also a male sun god, distinct from the sun goddess of Arinna, a special form of whom was the “sun god in the water,” probably the sun as reflected in the waters of a lake. His name in Hittite was Istanu, borrowed from the Hattian Estan (Luwian Tiwat, Hurrian Shimegi). There was also a moon god (Hittite and Luwian Arma, Hurrian Kushukh), but he plays little part in the texts. In the iconography, the sun god was represented in the robes of the king, whose title was “My Sun”; the moon god was shown as a winged figure with a crescent on his helmet, sometimes standing on a lion. According to official theology there also existed a sun god or goddess of the underworld. In this place resided the Sun on its journey from west to east during the night.”


Cult Centre

“Arinna was the major cult center of the Hittite sun goddess, (thought to be Arinniti) known as dUTU URU Arinna “sun goddess of Arinna”. Arinna was located near Hattusa, the Hittite capital.[1]The name was also used as a substitute name for Arinniti.
The sun goddess of Arinna is the most important one of three important solar deities of the Hittite pantheon, besides UTU nepisas – “the sun of the sky” and UTU taknas – “the sun of the earth”.”

[1] Bryce, Trevor (2004). Life and Society in the Hittite World. pp. 142–143.


My notes about Hebat

The Editors of Encyclopædia Britannica
“Alternate Titles: Hepa, Hepat, Hepatu, Hipta

Hebat, also spelled Hepa or Hepatu, in the religions of Asia Minor, a Hurrian goddess, the consort of the weather god Teshub. She was called Queen of Heaven and was assimilated by the Hittites to their national goddess, the sun goddess of Arinna. Teshub and Hebat had cult centres at Kummanni (classical Comana Cappadociae) and at Aleppo (Ḥalab) and other cities in the region of the Taurus Mountains. Hebat is represented as a matronly figure either standing on a lion or seated on a throne. She survived during Hellenistic times as Hipta, a goddess of Lydia and Caria…”


Hebat was adopted from the Hurrian pantheon as the principle goddess of state religion in the Hittite Empire, though because of name changes her precise role is not always clear. She is described as the “great goddess.” In some texts she is also the “sun goddess of Arinna” (a religious center near Boghazkoy thus far lost to archaeology) but her relationship to the sun god, in one fragmentary text called kumarbi and described as the king of the gods, god of right and justice, is unclear. She is more intimately linked with the weather god Tesub, “king of heaven, lord of the land of Hatti” and god of battle who, according to the same legend, displaced Kumarbi as king of the gods.
Hebat is often drawn as a matronly figure, without weapons, but generally in company with a lion. In a famous procession of gods carved on rock faces at Yazilikaya, the leading goddess is called Hepatu.

Hebat is mentioned when cross ref Tesub and Arinna
(p 256-257), [B]TESUB “Tesub is the most important deity in Hittite state religion, although he may be subservient to the Sun God(dess) of Arinna. Principally a weather god, as benefits a mountainous region experiencing frequent storms and otherwise changeable climate. Also a god of battle and “king of heaven, lord of the land of Hatti.” His consort is generally identified as Hebat.”

and p 25 Arinna (sun goddess of)
“Solar deity, Hittite and Hurrian. May have taken androgynous form, but also identified as the consort of the weather god Tesub. Probably the head of the Hittite state pantheon. There is little detail because the religious center of Arinna is known only from texts. The sun goddess was also perceived to be a paramount chthonic or earth goddess. She becomes largely syncretized with the Hurrian goddess Hebat.”

Source (http://www.amazon.com/Encyclopedia-Gods-Over-Deities-World/dp/0816029091)

And Hebat is cited in

p 104 “In myth and art alike it is apparent that Hittite religion was much affected by Hurrian influence; no Indo-European deities appear, as among the Mitanni and the Kassites. One of the great monuments, the rocky cleft two miles from Hattusas now called Yazilikaya, “Inscribed Rock,” is entirely Hurrian. On its walls great processions of gods and goddesses were carved. One procession was led by the Hurrian sun-goddess Hebat, whom the Hittites equated with their local sun-goddess of the holy city Arinna; the other was led by her husband, the Hurrian weather-god Teshub–a fit deity for a land of storms.”
source (http://www.amazon.com/History-Ancient-World-Chester-Starr/dp/0195066286/ref=sr_1_1?ie=UTF8&qid=1419523190&sr=8-1&keywords=0195066286)

and another textbook shows the hieroglyphic form of ‘Hebat’
FORGOTTEN SCRIPTS Cyrus H. Gordon p. 99 ISBN 046502484X (http://www.amazon.com/Forgotten-Scripts-Ongoing-Discovery-Deciperment/dp/046502484X/ref=sr_1_1?ie=UTF8&qid=1419591275&sr=81&keywords=046502484X)3276
Hellenistic times but the goddess of Comana was then Ma, a warlike deity identified by the Greeks with Enyo and by the Romans with Bellona.

In the far east of Anatolia, the Hurrian nation formed around Lake Van a new kingdom, which rose to considerable power, from about 900 to 600 bc. With few exceptions, the cuneiform inscriptions of this kingdom of Urartu are historical and reveal nothing of its religion, except the names of deities. The national god was Haldi, and he is associated with a weather god, Tesheba, a sun goddess, Shiwini (compare Hurrian Teshub and Shimegi), and a goddess, Bagbartu (or Bagmashtu). Haldi is represented standing on a lion, Tesheba on a bull, Shiwini holding a winged sun disk above her head. The cult was practiced not only in temples (one of which is shown in detail on an Assyrian relief) but also in front of rock-hewn niches in the form of gates through which the deity was probably believed to manifest himself.



Isis – Oh Golden One

Isis – Oh Golden One

Isis, for Her part, was connected with the star Sirius as far back as the Pyramid Texts; the star was said to be Her ba, or soul. Yet Isis is also linked with the Sun.

As the Sun was the image of one of the most important Gods to the ancient Egyptians, it should not be surprising to find that Isis, one of the most important Goddesses, also has strong solar connections. In some places—notably, Her famous temple at Philae—Isis was worshiped specifically as a Sun Goddess. Among Her solar epithets are Female Re (Re-et) and Female Horus (Horet).

Isis eye of Ra

Isis’ most common solar manifestation is as the Eye of Re, the Uraeus, the Cobra Goddess Who coils upon the Sun God’s brow to protect Him; and Who fights a constant cosmic battle against His great opponent, Apop (Gr. Apophis). An inscription at Philae calls Isis “Neseret [fiery]-serpent on the head of Horus-Re, Eye of Re, the Unique Goddess, Uraeus.” A hymn from Philae calls Her “Eye of Re who has no equal in heaven and on earth.” The Eye of Re is His active power. While He maintains His place in the sky, the solar power—the Eye Goddess—goes forth to manifest His Divine will. In this way, Isis and the other Uraeus Goddesses (such as Nephthys, Wadjet, and Tefnut) are similar to Shakti, the active, feminine Power related to the God Shiva in some Hindu sects. Isis is also one of the Deities Who travels with Re in His solar barque as it moves through the Otherworld. Again, Her function is to protect Him and help battle His foes.

Isis is also associated with the Sun God and the Sun in several of Her important myths. In the tale of Isis and Re, Isis gains power equal to Re’s by learning His secret name, first by poisoning, then by healing the ailing God. In another, with Her magical Words of Power, Isis stops the Boat of the Sun in the sky in order to receive aid for Her poisoned child, Horus.

But it was at Isis’ influential temple at Philae that She was most clearly worshipped as a Sun Goddess and even as the Sun itself. A Philae hymn to Isis praises Her saying, “You are the one who rises and dispels darkness, shining when traversing the primeval ocean, the Brilliant One in the celestial waters, traveling in the barque of Re.” An inscription on the first pylon (gate) at Philae says Isis is the “One Who illumines the Two Lands with Her radiance, and fills the earth with gold-dust.” (I absolutely adore this praise of Her!)

Isis fire glow

Like many other Egyptian Deities, Isis was often envisioned with immortal, golden, solar skin. Some of Her sacred images would have been covered with gold, earning Her, like Hathor, the epithets The Gold and the Golden One. A Philae hymn addresses Her, “O Golden One; Re, the possessor of the Two Lands, will never be far from you.” Some scholars believe that the holy of holies at Philae may have once been gold-leafed so that it always appeared filled with golden, solar light. O how I would love to have seen that.

At Her Philae temple, Isis is first of those in heaven: “Hail to you, Isis, Great of Magic, eldest in the womb of her mother, Nuet, Mighty in Heaven Before Re.” She is the “Sun Goddess in the circuit of the sun disk” and Her radiance outshines even that of Re.

From Her great temple at Philae, Isis’ identity as a Sun Goddess flowed back up the Nile to Her temples at Memphis and Isiopolis in the delta. From there, it entered into the Graeco-Roman culture in the famous aretalogies (self-statements) of Isis. From a papyrus found in Oxyrhynchus, Egypt, we learn that one of Isis’ many names is Name of the Sun and that She is responsible for the rising of the Sun: “Thou [Isis] bringest the sun from rising unto setting, and all the Gods are glad.” In an aretalogy from Kyme, in modern Turkey, Isis says of Herself, “I ordered the course of the sun and the moon.” And later in the same text She says, “I am in the rays of the sun” and “I inspect the courses of the sun.”

Isis by KateMaxpaint

Isis by KateMaxpaint

A festival calendar from the temple of Edfu records a summer procession of Isis the Brilliant. During that festival, the image of the radiant Goddess was carried among the people in Her sacred boat, coming to rest in Her boat-sanctuary. There, the calendar text tells us “every kind of good thing is offered to her.” Some modern Kemetic Orthodox groups celebrate this as the Aset Luminous Festival. Participants illuminate paper boats with candles and set them adrift to carry worshippers’ prayers to Isis. In accordance with the ancient traditions, offerings are also given to Isis at this time.

Throughout Her worship, Isis has always shown Her life giving, fructifying power in the image of the Sun. She is the Radiant Goddess, the Lady of Sunlight.

Isis Golden


Modern Pagans often think of Isis as a Moon Goddess. And, it’s true, in later periods of Her worship, She was indeed associated with the Moon—and, in fact, that’s how She entered the Western Esoteric Tradition. The Isis-Moon connection first started when Egypt came under Greek rule in the 3rd century BCE, following the conquest by Alexander the Great. To the Greeks, Goddesses were the lunar Deities, so as Isis made Her way into Greek culture and hearts, Her new devotees naturally associated Her with the Moon.

In Egypt, Osiris, Khons, Thoth, and I’ah were the Deities most associated with the Moon.



Please note that all material on this blog is copyright M. Isidora Forrest. Excerpts from Isis Magic, first edition, are copyright 2001, and from Isis Magic, second edition, copyright 2013 by M. Isidora Forrest. Excerpts from Offering to Isis are copyright 2005, M. Isidora Forrest.


M. Isidora Forrest has been devoted to Isis ever since the Goddess told her, in no uncertain terms, that she was not yet ready to be Her priestess. (Isidora respects a Goddess Who doesn’t coddle.) More than twenty years—and a lot of research, ritual, agony and ecstasy—later, Isidora has earned the title of Prophetess in the House of Isis. She is also a priestess of the international Fellowship of Isis, a Hermetic adept, a maenad for Dionysos, and a founder of the Hermetic Fellowship, a non-profit religious organization devoted to spiritual development through ritual and education in the Western Esoteric Tradition. In addition to Isis Magic, she is the author of Offering to Isis: Knowing the Goddess through Her Sacred Symbols, and a contributor to the Golden Dawn Journal series of books edited by Chic and Tabatha Cicero. Isidora lives and works in the not-at-all-Egypt-like climate of Portland, Oregon with her husband Adam Forrest, a fierce black cat name Korê, and both a Temple of Isis and a grape arbor sacred to Dionysos in the backyard.

Now enjoy this lovely animation of Isis birthing the Sun by Lesley Keen:

A’Ghrian – song to the Sun from the Isle of Barra discovered by ArchMatrona Georgia

A’Ghrian – song to the Sun
from the Isle of Barra
discovered by ArchMatrona Georgia


Hebrides sunset on isle of barra

Hebrides sunset on Isle of Barra

From John MacNeill, cottar, Buaile nam Bodach, Barra

Song to the Sun

Hail to thee,
thou sun of the seasons
as thou traversest
the skies aloft.

Thy steps are strong on
the wing of the heavens,
thou art the glorious
mother of the stars.

Thou liest down in
the destructive ocean
without impairment or fear.

Thou risest up on
the peaceful wave-crest
like a queenly maiden
in bloom.

Song 316, Carmichael, Carmina Gadelica, 1992, p292 (English only); Carmichael, Carmina Gadelica Volume III, 1941, pp310-311.

“A Ghrian”
(To the Sun)
from the Isle of Barra

A’ GHRIAN [317]

O Iain Mac Nill, coitear, Buaile nam Bodach, Barraidh

ÀILTE ort fein, a ghrian nan tràth,
‘S tu siubhal ard nan speur ;

Do cheumaibh treun air sgeith nan ard,
‘S tu màthair àigh nan reul.

Thu laighe sios an cuan na dith

Gun diobhail is gun sgàth ;
Thu ‘g eirigh suas air stuagh na sith,

Mar rioghainn òg fo bhlàth.

A’Ghrian, Hymn to The Sun

A’Ghrian, Hymn to The Sun videos discovered by ArchMatrona (Bishop) Georgia


Sunna or Sól. Norse goddess of the sun

A’ Ghrian
The Sun
Verse One:

Fàilte ort féin, a ghrian nan tràth,
I welcome you, sun of the seasons,

‘S tu siubhail ard nan speur;
As you travel the skies aloft;

Do cheumaibh treun air sgéith nan ard,
Your steps are strong on the wing of the heavens,

‘S tu màthair àigh nan reul.
You are the glorious mother of the stars.
Verse Two:

Thu laighe sìos an cuan na dìth
You descend into the deadly sea

Gun dìobhail is gun sgàth,
Without distress and without fear;

Thu ‘g éirigh suas air stuagh na sìth,
You rise up on the wave of peace,

Mar rìoghain òg fo bhlàth.
Like a youthful Queen in bloom.

This is a separate sunset prayer:

Ha-misham doh oss-narah.. na-cuir chia mo-ornah…
I am in hope in its proper time that the gracious One

As rom sa-a-ah, so-lar-s, nuhn-gra-as, Marra-husa, ca-ah-ma, gala noc
will not put out for me the light of grace even as thou dost leave me this night


Song 316, Carmichael, Carmina Gadelica, 1992, p292 (English only); Carmichael, Carmina Gadelica Volume III, 1941, pp310-311.
Lyrics 1


Lyrics 2


Video 1

Video 2